Ghana is a country whose immense cultural diversity is a reflection of the more than 75 ethnic groups living in the country. Ghana is often described as a land of festivals, music, and traditional dances. There is hardly any community, clan, or tribe who misses an occasion to celebrate: from the right of passage child-birth, puberty, marriage and death. Ghanaians are well known for their craftwork such as hand-carved stools, fertility dolls, and colorful ‘kente’ cloth.
According to the World Bank, the population of Ghana in 2012 was recorded at 25.4 million; it ranks 135 out of 185 in the Human Development Index of 2012. Ghana is the world's second largest cocoa producer behind Ivory Coast, and Africa's biggest gold miner after South Africa. It is also endowed with a good education system and reliable civil service. Ghana is also one of Africa's fastest growing economies; however, poverty continues to be extensive, particularly for farming households. Low agricultural productivity and the lack of decent work opportunities, along with a poorly educated workforce pose great challenges for poverty eradication.
poverty rate in Ghana
cocoa producer in the world
From Ghana: Meet the Artisan
Artisans in the Bolgatanga region of Ghana, West Africa, weave beautiful and durable baskets from thick, tough elephant grass. A classic icon of African craftsmanship, most Bolga baskets hold up to daily use for years on end. Today, Bolgatanga, known as the crafts center of Northern Ghana, with its surrounding villages comprise the largest producers of leather works and straw baskets in the country. Basket weaving around Bolgatanga in Upper East Region serves as an example of the craft skills of women in the north. The sales of these baskets have allowed many impoverished farmers in the Bolgatanga region of Ghana, West Africa to attain a sustainable way of living.
Della products are handcrafted by a community in Ghana, West Africa. All profit goes toward providing employment, education, and financial stability for women and men in Ghana. The artisans earn a steady and fair income and are empowered through education in micro-financing, savings, and entrepreneurship classes. Every product is handcrafted with textiles from the Volta Region. Through Della, the passionate and talented women who create the pieces are given an opportunity to build a foundation for a better life.
Divine Chocolate's vision is a world where chocolate is cherished by everyone- including the family farmers who grow the cocoa. Divine is co-owned by the 80,000 farmer members of Kuapa Kokoo, the cooperative that supplies the cocoa for each bar of Divine. The farmers of Kuapa Kokoo get paid a fair trade price for their beans and receive a social premium that the cooperative invests in schools, clean drinking water, medical clinics, and women's entrepreneurship projects. Plus, as owners they get a share in the profits, a say in the company, and a voice in the global marketplace. Together with the farmers who own Divine Chocolate, you are ensuring income and opportunities to cocoa farming families and a much sweeter future.
HUMAN RIGHTS SITUATION
The human rights situation in Ghana has improved compared to the 1980s, but problems remain in several areas. Among other things, police and municipal security forces continue to use excessive force, prison conditions remain harsh, and the government continues to pressure the independent media. The most important human rights problems included trafficking in persons; exploitive child labor, including forced child labor; and societal discrimination against women, persons with disabilities and gay and lesbians; trafficking in women and children; ethnic discrimination and politically motivated violence; and child labor.
Women still face discrimination and inequality in the Ghanaian society. Among the many obstacles women encounter are the lack of access to land and credit; continuing discriminatory traditional practices; domestic violence; exclusion from decision-making at all levels – from villages to the national parliament; among many others.