Located in the Middle East, Jordan borders Israel, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and the West Bank in Southwest Asia. It is located at the crossroads of what is deemed the Holy Land among Christians, Jews, and Muslims and has 16 miles of coastline along the Gulf of Aqaba. Jordan has a diverse geography, from the desert to the Jordan Valley to uplands near the Jordan River.
Jordan is almost fully reliant on imported energy, with natural gas as the primary resource. With one of the smallest economies in the Middle East, the country lacks sufficient supplies of natural resources including water and oil. The country faces budget deficits and high rates of unemployment and underemployment.
Jordan’s population is more than 10.4 million, as of July 2018. Arabic is the official language, with various dialects present. The population is primarily of the Arab ethnic group, including Jordanians and Palestinians.